Ante Pavelic Dies in Madrid at 70 - NYT, Dec. 30, 1959
The New York Times obituary for Ante Pavelic. The scanned image of this file includes a photograph taken at the time of the attempt on his life.
December 30, 1959
ANTE PAVELIC DIES IN MADRID AT 70
Head of Nazi Puppet Regime in Yugoslavia
Sentenced to Death by 3 Countries
MADRID, Dec. 29 (Reuters) - Ante Pavelic, head of the Nazi puppet regime in the Croatian region of Yugoslavia during World War II, died yesterday in the German Hospital here it was revealed today. He was 70 years old.
Product of Turbulence
M. Pavelic was a product of the turbulent politics and extreme nationalist passions that gave the Balkans in the inter-war years the nickname of the "cockpit of Europe." Three times he was sentenced to death - each time by a different state.
He was convicted of being the master hand behind one fo the most sensational political assassinations of his era - that King Alexander of Yugoslavia and Foreign Minister Louis Barthou of France.
For most of his adult years M. Pavelic, a short, stocky man with piercing eyes, a broad forehead and shaggy eyebrows, lived in the underground world of quasi-legality that was the customary habitat of the Balkan terrorist.
He was a Croat extremist whose supreme opportunity came when the German Nazis and the Italian Fascists attacked Yugoslavia in the spring of 1941. Hitler and Mussolini detached Croatia from Yugoslavia and established M. Pavelic as the Croatian "Poglavnik" or fuehrer.
Vanished After Liberation
When the cardboard structure of the Croatian "kingdom" collapsed with the liberation of Yugoslavia late in 1944, M. Pavelic fled. Most of his chief lieutenants were captured and executed. But he vanished.
Apparently M. Pavelic donned peasant garb and made his way to Rome, where he had many friends as a result of his long residence in exile. He masqueraded there for a while as a Hungarian general and then managed to reach Argentina, where he was given refuge by President Juan Per—n.
He lived in comparative obscurity in the little town of Caseros, not far from Buenos Aires, until 1957, when he was shot and wounded twice in an assassination attempt that he blamed on agents of Tito.
When the Argentine Government late in 1957 agreed to consider a Yugoslav extradition request, M. Pavelic disappeared. He was reported to have gone to Paraguay. Just when he went to Spain is not known.
M. Pavelic was born July 14, 1889 in Herzegovina, the son of a railroad worker, and studied law at the Universities of of Zagreb and Vienna. When the Yugoslav state was formed at the end of World War I, he joined the Croatian State Party and was elected to the Yugoslav Parliament.
Became More Extreme
His politics became more and more nationalist and extreme. He was bitterly opposed to the Moderate Croat leader, Stepan Raditch, who was assassinated in the Yugoslav Parliament on June 20, 1928. There was no indication that M. Pavelic had a hand in the Raditch affair, but he left Yugoslavia soon thereafter and joined a Croat terrorist extremist group, called the Ustachis, led by Dr. Ivo Frank.
A few months later M. Pavelic went to Sofia and negotiated a cooperative agreement between the Ustachi and IMRO, the Macedonian terrorist organization that had been in existence since 1893. Shortly thereafter, M. Pavelic for the first time was sentenced to death - in absentia - by the Royalist Yugoslav Government.
After the assassination of King Alexander and M. Barthou in Marseille in 1934, France vainly tried to persuade Mussolini to extradite M. Pavelic from Italy, where he had set up headquarters. Mussolini refused, although M. Pavelic was arrested and imprisoned until May, 1936. He was condemned to death in absentia for the second time - February, 1936 by France - for his role in the Alexander-Barthou affair.
M. Pavelic continued to live in Italy with his wife and three children in a villa at his disposal by Mussolini until April, 1941, when he returned to Zagreb to to establish his ill-fated Croat nationalist government.
He was sentenced to death in absentia for the third time on July 15, 1945, by the Tito Yugoslav government for his role in the war atrocities in Yugoslavia.