This weblog is an online protest of Croatian patriots against the current Croatian government under the leadership of Dr. Ivo Sanader and Stipe Mesic who, in the name of democracy, wage a fruitless war against Croatian “fascists” by using the same fascist methods: police repression, destruction of monuments (Budak & Francetic), glorifying Tito’s butchers and curtailing the freedom of media.

četvrtak, ožujka 17, 2005

Report by General Laxa on Unrest in Hercegovina

The General of Croatian Regular Army (The Domobrans) Vladimir Laxa, as special Representative of the Poglavnik, claims in a strongly worded statement against attrocities
of some Ustase in Bosnia and Herzegovina:

I am deeply convinced and it is confirmed from many places that if the state of siege and court martial weren't executed in the spirit of Poglavnik's order, there would have been a general bloodshed on Vidovdan 28/VI [June 28], which wouldhave the most unpleasant consequences.

The above statement proves that dr. Ante Pavelic had indeed tried to protect Serbs by issuing the state of siege and court martial orders. Now, one should ask: why is this still hidden from
the general public?

Further, General Laxa, makes clear distinstion between genuine Ustashe and the "so-called Ustashe". The first ones (real Ustashe) are shocked by the murderous campaign of these hastily recruted and undisciplined "SO CALLED USTASE". These people, in Laxa's words, crushed the noble ideals of Ustase movement, undermined its reputation and brought the hatred of the population against it. Later on, General Laxa resigned in protest against these unfortunate events. However, he was killed at the end of war by Tito's partisans as many other "noble" representatives of Ustashe movement.

The following document was posted on Serbo-Jewish web site :



V.I. Number 40
5. June 1941. [sic - July 5, 1941]


Consistent with my previous oral and written reports I
communicate the following:

Several days after I took over the military administration
given to me by the Poglavnik in the greater regions of Hum
and Dubrava, by common sense deductions and apart from any
foreign influence I was able to gain the following impression
of recent events.

Unrest in Herzegovina, the anger and desperation of the
population was, according to statements from all sectors of
the population, mostly a result of the savage and inhuman
actions of the "SO CALLED USTASE".

During the organization of Ustase army units men were
assigned without any diligence. Communists, chronic
alcoholics et cetera were made into Ustase overnight, so we
shouldn't be surprised that such things have occurred.

As a result, in the first few days I ordered that these men
/Ustase/ must be disarmed, and that their weapons should be
given to them only when they are on duty.

These "SO CALLED USTASE" crushed the noble ideals of Ustase
movement, undermined its reputation and brought the hatred of
the population against it.

Under this "Ustase regime" not one clerk, not one officer,
not one woman nor child was safe, day or night. These Ustase
ravaged everything wherever they went. Many of these Ustase-
men [ljudi-ustasa-hvalili] bragged about how many people they
killed, how many people they have beaten and tortured to
death. Men and women were without appeal dragged to prisons,
even though the least offense could not be attributed to
them. "SO CALLED USTASE" arrogantly claim that they "cleansed
the area" of Gacko-Avtovac-Bileca-Nevesinje and that in this
way did a great favour to Independent State of Croatia. They
believed they accomplished this task by bloodshed, but they
didn't realize that they only removed just one part of the
people, and that on the contrary the largest part of Serbian
population out of fear fled with weapons to rocky terrain, to
the mountains and forests, determined to die a death worthy
of a man, than to be tortured and beaten without mercy at

The Ustase bear the greatest part of the blame for the
current unrest, which has had to be suppressed by a young
Croatian army, which has required many sacrifices and will
require many more.

State officials and other authorities, members of the police
and others were pushed aside by the Ustase, scared and thus
discouraged from resisting the murder of these people.

The Ustase claim that they do everything according to orders
coming from the organization from Zagreb and that everything
must be subjected to them. State officials and others were so
morally discouraged by their fear of the Ustase that they
didn't dare send any reports about these events. In an
appropriate and tactful manner I made these representatives
acknowledge their unworthy and unmanly attitude as chiefs,
and with great effort I managed to convince them that instead
of a regime of force we live under a regime of laws and
rights, and that if they in the future do not take special
measures and steps to prevent tyranny and anarchy I would act
even against them in the spirit of my declaration and by the
laws of war. /appendix number 1/

Respectable citizens, priests, clerks, even serious Ustase
complain about the actions and attitude of these "SO CALLED
USTASE", who are completely undisciplined. The real Ustase
say that there is no discipline among them and that they will
accordingly disarm and discharge these hastily recruited men.

I believe I must also emphasize that these actions by the
Ustase also made a trying and burdensome impression on our
young army. In the basement of one building in Nevesinje
people were beaten until they were unconscious and then shot
by a machine gun in prison by Ustase /lieutenant Franjo
Sudar/. It wasn't easy to convince our young soldiers not to
use force themselves against these bloodthirsty people.

With the declaration of the state of siege and court martial
things got better, though during the night 30/VI [June 30]
and the daytime of 1/VII [July 1] there was a sad event in
Ljubuski when a large number of people were murdered again
/as it can be seen from the transcript of a letter appendix
number 2/. One butcher named Osmic from Ljubuski was arrested
and the case was handed over to an investigative judge.

Consistent with everything expressed here may I be allowed to
state the following:

1/ I am deeply convinced and it is confirmed from many places
that if the state of siege and court martial weren't executed
in the spirit of Poglavnik's order, there would have been a
general bloodshed on Vidovdan 28/VI [June 28], which would
have the most unpleasant consequences.

2/ It is necessary to further reinforce the Adriatic division
area with: 2 battalions of infantry, several batteries of
artillery, companies with heavy machine guns and mortar
canons. Batteries and mortar canons can easily cleanse the
nests of rebels and suppress their resistance.

3/ All actions against the rebels must be executed in a slow
and methodical manner, to reduce losses to the least possible

Our Domobrans who come from plains, after their brief
training, not knowing the difficulty of local terrain nor
guerilla way of warfare with military organized groups, can
succumb to panic with even the slightest of surprises.

4/ It is in the interest of the state to leave the military
administration set up for a longer period of time in the
Adriatic division area because of reasons I already
mentioned, but also because the army enjoys the trust of the
population there.

In the interest of popularizing the regime and the state
authorities, a military administration should be established
across the entire territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

5/ To establish a complete peace in these parts the present
ad hoc organization of the Ustase should be disband and
organized all over again, by people who are worthy of the
ideals of the Ustase movement in every aspect.


Military office of the Poglavnik,
Commander of land army, and to
Military office of the headquarters
directly to Brigadier Babic Ivan

Filing information:
Title: General Laxa's Report on Unrest in Hercegovina
Source: Archive of the NDH. Translated by Sinisa Djuric.
Date: c. July 5, 1941
Added: May 27, 2003

Original Placement:


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